Bilecik with the altitude of 500 m, micro-climatic zones are observed in Gölpazarı, Osmaneli and Söğüt Districts on the coastlines of Sakarya River. In the province of Bilecik, the total annual rainfall is about 450 kg/m². The highest amounts of rainfall are in January and May. Depending upon these climatic characteristics, agriculture and livestock have an important share in Bilecik. Wheat, legumes, barley, corn, chick pea, bean, sugar beet, sun flower, onion, kidney bean, purslane, carrot, green pepper, tomato, eggplant, lettuce, cucumber and hops are the main agricultural products in Bilecik. Besides, Bilecik is famous with its grape, pomegranate, plum, quince and cherry; there is also performed greenhouse cultivation as part of agricultural activities. Furthermore, livestock fattening and beekeeping are in redevelopment process.
In addition to agriculture and livestock; mining, forestry, leather trade, cutlery, marble, brick, ceramic and wood processing sectors have an important place in the economy of Bilecik. Rich marble quarries in Bilecik make a great contribution to the economy of the province. Especially industrial facilities in the center of Bilecik and Bozüyük District located at the junction of various routes make huge contributions to the development of the province. Bilecik has very rich mining reserves including clay, kaolin and feldspar reserves used in ceramic and glass industries.. The marble (lime stones) called “Bilecik Stone” in Bilecik is very famous. Pink and white porphyries mined in Vezirhan and Kösedere; red, pink and peach colour porphyries mined in Hırtılar and Külümbe and white marbles with black spots mined in Sögüt are among the wanted kinds.
When the export figures of 2013 and 2019 for Bilecik province are compared, an increase of 15.6% is observed. While it was in the 55th place in Turkey in 2013 with an export of 80 million $, it rose to the 54th place in 2019 with an export of 92 million $.
When the manufacturing industry data is analyzed according to technology classification in 2019, the share of medium-high and high technology product classification group in total provincial exports was 7.8%. According to 2018 per capita GDP figures, it is above Turkey’s average with 10,603$.
In the study of the development index of the provinces prepared by our agency, Bilecik was ranked 22nd in 2008 and 19th in 2017.
Considering the number of R&D centers currently operating in our country, it ranks 22nd with 6 R&D centers as of the end of May 2020.
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