Bursa Province, located in the southeastern of the Marmara Region, is the fourth biggest province of Turkey with its population of 3 056 120 persons according to the 2019 data of Address Based Population Registration System (ADNKS). Its surface area is 10.886 km² and altitude is 155 m. The climate of the province is temperate in the north because of the Marmara Sea, and more severe in the south formed by the highlands. The province receives about 750 mm annual average rainfall. The hottest days of the year are between July-September and the coldest period is between February and March.
Broad and fertile plains located in Bursa, namely Bursa, Inegol, Karacabey, Mustafakemalpaşa, Iznik and Orhangazi plains, enabled the region to develop in terms of irrigated agriculture. Furthermore, Bursa with its natural water sources such as Iznik and Ulubat Lakes, Mustafakemalpaşa Brook and Nilüfer, Göksu, Koca, Kara, Aksu brooks and creeks fed by springs rising from Uludag; is ‘a kind of water city’ as Evliya (Saint) Çelebi once said. Bursa pioneers health and thermal cure tourism today by means of its thermal facilities. In addition to its plains and water sources, Bursa draws attention with its mountain chains lying on the east-west axis. The most significant one among these is Uludag which is the highest mountain of the Marmara Region with its height of 2.543 m and the center of winter tourism in Turkey.